and goblins aren’t always the scariest part of the Halloween holiday. Parents and homeowners often have to worry about the safety of their homes and families.
WVU Extension Service offers up tips and tricks to make Halloween a treat for everyone involved.
Candy—Safety and Alternatives
It’s important to consider your child’s health when it comes to all the candy they will collect on Halloween. Not only do you need to inspect it for any tampering, but you need to consider what you will do with all of it. Experts suggest a good meal before trick-or-treating. Afterward, let your child pick a few favorite pieces, but then put away the rest. Allowing candy to sit out where children see it is often too tempting to pass up.Treat kids to candy alternatives, such as popcorn, trail mix, or pretzels, this this Halloween. Explore healthier options that might trick picky eaters into enjoying a better snack.
Light the Night
Drivers may not easily see trick-or-treaters. For improved visibility, children should carry a flashlight, glow stick, or wear reflective tape on their costumes. In addition, trick-or-treaters should stay on sidewalks and cross streets only at crosswalks. Finally, children should be supervised by an adult and walk in large groups, which are easier to see than individual pedestrians.
According to West Virginia University Safety and Health Extension experts, costumes aren’t always the scariest part of Halloween.
The National Fire Protection Association makes numerous suggestions to keep your children and homes safe.
Suggestions include: purchasing flame-resistant, or flame-retardant costumes; using battery-operated candles in decorations, and more.
Halloween is a fun night to gather with neighbors, but be sure to remind children of “stranger danger.” Remind children that they should never enter a house or a car of someone they do not know. Children should stay in well-lit, populated areas and stick to a pre-planned route.
- If your child wears a mask, make sure the viewing area is big enough so that your child can easily see where he or she is going.
- Be careful of tripping hazards. To lessen the possibility of a fall, wear shoes with a low heel and be sure that the costume does not drag on the ground.
- Props should be made of plastics or foam material to reduce the risk of an injury of a child falls.
- Reflector strips help drivers see trick-or-treaters.
Information provided byThis information has been provided by WVU Extension Service Agent Hannah Fincham. Hannah serves as the Families and Health agent in Randolph County. Call 304-636-2455 to speak with her.
According to data from the Coronary Artery Risk Detection in Appalachian Communities (CARDIAC) Project, nearly half of West Virginia fifth graders are overweight or obese. Obesity puts children at a much higher risk for type II diabetes, heart disease and hypertension, all of which used to be considered strictly adult diseases. September has been designated as Childhood Obesity Prevention Month to educate the community on the dangers of childhood obesity and to provide various strategies on how to prevent the disease. Studies have shown that people who adopt a healthy lifestyle as children grow up to be healthier adults. Teaching children about nutrition and physical activity is therefore crucial in creating healthy futures.
Children learn and mirror behaviors of influential adults in their lives. Therefore, family lifestyle plays a key role in the health habits of children, which can be a useful tool in the fight against childhood obesity. Below are some basic health behaviors that should be a part of a family’s daily routine.
Incorporate Physical Activity Daily
Research has shown that children need 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity a day. Taking a brisk family walk, jumping rope, playing a physically exerting game such as tag, or playing a sport such as soccer can help fulfill the daily activity requirements. Parents should try incorporating some structured physical activity into their child’s daily routine as well as encouraging them to go outside and play on their own.
Limit Screen Time
Allowing only two hours of recreational screen time a day is another way parents can encourage their children to get up and move. Screen time includes watching TV, playing video games, and using the computer for non-homework related activities. In addition, research has shown that screentime is also associated with overeating amongst both children and adults.
Make Healthier Food Choices
Humans were designed to live off of the land, and as technology has expanded so has America’s waistlines. It is important for Americans to get back to eating fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meat instead of consuming highly processed foods. Role modelling healthy eating behaviors for children is important. A few simple steps to a healthier family are keeping sugary beverages such as soda out of the home, making fruits and vegetables readily available, buying low fat or fat-free dairy products such as milk and yogurt, eating lean meats, buying whole grain and high fiber bread products, and cooking with plant fats such as olive oil and flaxseed oil instead of animal fats such as butter and shortening.
It is recommended that children consume five servings of fruits and vegetables throughout the day. To help reach this daily goal, put blueberries or a banana on a serving of whole grain cereal for breakfast, provide an apple or a bag of grapes for lunch, prepare celery sticks filled with low-fat peanut butter for a snack, include a vegetable stir fry as a side dish for dinner, and give your child a slice of watermelon or pineapple for a sweet yet healthy dessert.
Mason County 4-H invites the public to register for the Dining Hall Dash, a 5K run/walk created to raise funds to construct a new dining hall at the Mason County Youth Camp in South Side, West Virginia.
“It’s our job to ensure our facilities meet the needs of our 4-H campers,” said Lorrie Wright, WVU Extension agent of 4-H youth development. “This event will help us improve and expand our dining hall as our number of campers continues to grow each year.”
The run/walk will be held Saturday, Sept. 5 at the West Virginia State Farm Museum. Day-of registration opens at 8 a.m. and the race begins at 9 a.m.
Registration papers can be found at the Mason County Extension Office in Point Pleasant, West Virginia. Interested Individuals may pre-register before Friday, Aug. 21 or may register the day of:
- Pre-registration for adults $20
- Pre-registration, 12 and under $10
- Day-of registration for adults $25
- Day-of registration, 12 and under $15
Awards will be given for top overall male and female, and the top three participants in each age group.
For more information, contact Lorrie Wright at Lorrie.Wright@mail.wvu.edu or 304-675-0888.
Just one 8-ounce glass contains 30 percent of the recommended daily value of calcium. It also is an excellent source of Vitamin D, riboflavin and phosphorus. Did you know milk contains more potassium than the leading sports drink?
Young women, especially, need calcium to build their bone mass before age 25 to stave off osteoporosis in later life. The best bargain in your grocery cart for doing that is fluid milk.
Proven to be a key part in maintaining a healthy weight, milk also helps repair muscle after a strenuous workout thanks to milk’s protein, potassium, and riboflavin. Milk can even positively impact your brain and mental performance, as shown in a study at the University of Maine.
Read more about milk’s unique nutrient package and its benefits to your body.
Make sure you and your family get the recommended daily servings of milk and dairy products each week by following these tips from West Virginia University Extension Service:
- Try a smoothie with a cup of 1 percent or skim milk, whey protein and a cup of frozen berries.
- Enjoy cereal and a cup of milk for breakfast.
- Pack a morning or afternoon snack of yogurt topped with fresh or frozen berries.
- Eat a low-fat cheddar cheese stick with an apple.
- Drink milk (not soda, juice, or sports drink) with dinner.
- Use cheese (low-fat mozzarella, cheddar, or Swiss and cottage cheese) in a wrap or sandwich and in salads.
Make sure the children in your life get the dairy they need. Even if you eat on the go, grab a carton of milk with a kid’s meal or order a tall glass of milk when dining out. If you aren’t sure how to work dairy into your children’s diets, check out the resources at The Breakfast Project.
Don’t know if you’re consuming enough dairy servings? Check out the MyPlate nutritional guidelines or the Dairy Council of California’s recommended daily allowances (RDA) for your age and gender. While browsing that website, take the Calcium Quiz and test your knowledge (and that of your kids) of calcium sources with the fun Bone Up On Calcium quiz.
Got milk? Hope so! For more healthy milk beverage recipes, visit www.bit.ly/familysmoothies or contact the WVU Extension Service Families and Health Unit at 304-293-2796.
by John Porter, WVU Extension Agent Agriculture & Natural Resources, Kanawha CountyFresh herbs can be a tasty and healthy way to boost the flavor of foods while reducing the salt in your recipes.
While fresh herbs can be costly and hard to come by at the grocery store, growing them at home can be an effective way to save money and ensure a fresh sprig is always at your fingertips.
Beyond adding flair to your food, herbs can also be a way to add flair to your deck or windowsill. If you’re a beginner gardener or working with limited outdoor gardening space, container herbs can be year-round solution to growing fresh herbs indoors or out.
Beginning herb gardeners may have a problem deciding which herbs to grow due to the large variety of options. A quick stroll through your supermarket’s produce aisle may help give you some ideas. Browsing through one of your favorite cookbooks may also serve you with some flavor and recipe inspiration.
Basil, cilantro and chives are among the most popular herbs for the beginning gardener, as they are common ingredients in summertime fare and considered relatively easy to grow.
Keep in mind that herbs can be annuals, biennials or perennials when selecting varieties to grow for the first time.
Annual herbs common to West Virginia include basil, chamomile, cilantro, dill, anise and chervil. These usually have to be replanted every year, unless they reseed themselves. Perennial herbs include chives, lavender, sage, marjoram, mint, oregano, rosemary, thyme and tarragon. Parsley is a biennial, meaning it flowers in its second year.
Make a creative container
When beginning your herbal endeavor, don’t feel confined to only planting in standard clay pots. The sky is the limit when it comes to finding creative containers to grow herbs in.
Container or indoor herbs require essentially the same conditions as herbs grown outdoors well-draining soil and an abundance of sunshine. For that reason, anything that can hold soil and allow for proper drainage can double as an adequate plant container.
Potential herb containers can be found in every room of your house. In the kitchen, items like cups, bowls, cans, milk jugs, 2-liter bottles or colanders can be utilized to hold herbs.
From the bathroom, repurpose an old sink or bathtub. Recycle an old tire, wagon, wheelbarrow or wooden pallet from the garage, or round up a few buckets, barrels or baskets from the basement.
Different herbs have different light requirements, but most need a sunny location. Inside, herbs grow best if located in or near a south- or west-facing window.
When planting, ensuring that your container has proper drainage is key. If your selected container doesn’t have holes on the bottom, simply add an inch of gravel to the container base.Because many of them come from dry regions of the earth, herbs don’t thrive well in rich, heavy or wet soil, so special care should be taken to achieve the proper potting mix. Mixing two parts standard potting soil with one part sand, pearlite, vermiculite, or peat can help provide a light, well-draining soil. If you add peat, at a tablespoon of common agricultural lime to the mix to balance the pH.
While herbs need routine watering, be sure not to over-water or let the container sit in water, which can disease the roots. Instead, consider the watering needs of each herb.
Growing plants need more water, as do plants in clay pots or hanging baskets. Woody herbs, such as oregano, sage and thyme have low water requirements. If necessary, use several planters or a divided one to accommodate the different moisture needs of each plant.
While annual herbs can spend their full life cycle in a pot indoors, perennial herbs will do better if placed outdoors during the summer. Simply move the containers to the porch or patio after the last frost, or submerge the pots in soil to incorporate them into your garden landscape.
When the season begins to change, bring herbs indoors before the first frost to avoid plant damage.
Remember, the herbs are for your enjoyment. You must trim and use them regularly to keep the plant growing and healthy, but don’t over harvest and take too much of the plant at one time.
Activity: Plant an herb garden using recycled materials
Turn a small dollar store laundry baskets into an herb garden by following these simple steps:
- Line the basket with newspaper and fill it with soil.
- If you have any trailing herbs, like thyme or oregano, make holes in the newspaper and position the plants so they will grow out one of the side holes.
- Plant upright herbs, like sage and basil, in the top of the laundry basket.
For more information on indoor or outdoor herb gardening, visit www.anr.ext.wvu.edu/lawn_garden/herbs.
Entering the workforce can be an intimidating task, especially for those looking for their first “real gig” after graduation.
For others, climbing the career ladder and working to achieve professional goals can require a career switch, which may take one outside of their comfort zone.
West Virginia Extension Service Director of Human Resources Kim Suder knows first-hand how challenging the job search can be, but assures career hopefuls that the right job for them is out there; they just have to know how to get it.
Building a strong resume
“It may seem like only a piece or two of paper, but your resume also serves as your communicator and first impression,” said Suder. “It’s up to you to see that that paper gives an accurate depiction of what you can offer a potential employer.”
Whether a high-school graduate looking for full-time employment or a stay-at-home parent looking to return to work, Suder said that a resume should include all skills and professional experiences an individual possesses.
Regardless of work experience, drawing on volunteer and organizational experience can speak volumes on a resume, Suder said.
“If you haven’t had a ‘real’ job, but have spent summers doing community service work with an organization or club, include that,” Suder said. “Any experience or individual skills you can list that can give an employer an idea of what your strengths or interests are will be beneficial to your cause.”
If you’re unsure how to organize the information, many resume templates can be accessed online. The key is finding a style that works best for you.
Suder suggests including your educational background at the top, directly beneath your name and contact information, as it tends to be the preferred style for employers.
“Tell your story, but don’t fabricate anything to appear more qualified for the role than you actually are,” said Suder.
Keep your resume concise, but don’t feel limited to only having one page. In many cases, including all of your relevant education, skills and work experience will exceed one page, which Suder said is completely acceptable.
Ensuring that your resume is free of typos or grammatical errors is essential. She suggests having a teacher or relative review the resume before submitting it, just in case an error slipped by when you proofread it yourself.
“Typos will hurt you at every level,” said Suder. “The market is competitive, and even the best writers can make errors that spell check may miss.”
Applying for the job
Employment-related search engines such as Indeed.com or Monster.com, the local newspaper or even community bulletin boards can be great resources when initiating the job hunt, Suder said.
If you know of a specific business or organization you would like to work for, current job openings are oftentimes posted on their website. When searching the site, look under the “careers” or “employment” sections.
When considering jobs to apply for, Suder recommends applicants first consider several things:
- What is your “end goal?”
- What attributes are you looking for in a job (experience-builder, benefits, flexible schedule, family friendly)?
- What income must you earn to live comfortably?
After zoning in on a job to apply for, review all the provided job criteria to make sure the position matches your interests and qualifications.
If all pertinent information is not included in the job posting, call to request more information about the job before applying.
While some jobs may require more education or experience than you personally possess, Suder said that you don’t have to automatically rule those jobs out.
“You may not have everything required of the job qualifications, but sometimes, there can be elements of your work experience or training that can be counted as equivalents,” said Suder. “For that reason, I recommend being reasonable and applying for a job if you feel that your experience comes very close to satisfying the employer’s requirements.”
In order to submit the best application possible, Suder recommends tailoring your resume to highlight skills you possess relevant to that specific job.
Writing a strong cover letter can also serve well to make a strong first impression.
Compose a cover letter to the hiring supervisor that introduces yourself, explains your reasons of interest in the job, and describes your unique qualifications. Cover letter templates are also readily available on the Web.
She also recommends auditing your social media presence before beginning the job search, as many employers search for social media profiles to learn more about a person before extending an interview.
The common rule is, if you wouldn’t want your mom to see it, you probably wouldn’t want an employer to see it either.
Preparing for the interview
While preparing for a job interview can be a nerve-wracking event, Suder said that a bit of research and preparation can help an applicant put their best foot forward.
Suder first suggests exploring the organization’s website to find its mission statement, background and major initiatives.
“Be prepared to answer questions about what interests you about the company and why you would like to work there,” Suder said. “Showing that you’ve educated yourself on the job, the organization and the mission can leave a big impression on a potential employer.”
In advance of the interview, ascertain how many people you’ll be interviewing with and print hard copies of your resume for each, including a few extras. If the job is specialized and requires any work samples, such as a portfolio, send those materials in advance, as well as providing hard copies in person that can be left behind.
Rehearsing with a friend can also be a great way to alleviate pre-interview jitters.
“Let your friend quiz you on the company, your experience and other common job-interview questions,” said Suder. “It allows you to practice hypothetical answers in advance and get feedback from someone who has your best interests at heart.”
Always give an example of your work or life experience when answering an interview question, rather than a short “yes or no” response.
“Take time when answering questions,” said Suder. “Be concise but thorough in your responses, and remember, you are selling yourself now.”
When it comes to wardrobe, dress the part for the position that you want.
“Some job interviews may not merit a suit and tie, but dressing in business attire is always a safe practice,” said Suder. “It’s always better to be overdressed than underdressed.”
Be conscious of your body language during the interview process. Don’t exhibit nervous energy, like pen tapping, foot jiggling or gum chewing.
“Sitting up straight, maintaining eye contact during your answers and shifting your body in the direction of with whom you’re speaking are simple yet effective ways to exude confidence during an interview,” Suder said.
If the employer asks you if you have any questions, Suder said it is always good to have a few questions prepared in advance to ask about the company or job responsibilities.
“It shows you care and are genuinely interested in the job, which means a lot to an employer,” said Suder.
The same initiative should be taken following the interview by sending a follow-up thank you note or email.
“In the note, mention something you may have forgotten to share or ask during the interview,” said Suder. “In many cases, just thanking an employer can go a long way.”
“The job search can be a frustrating and discouraging at times, but remember that it only takes one ‘Yes’ to offset dozens of ‘No’s,’” said Suder. “You won’t know until you try, and you absolutely cannot let rejection discourage you.”
After facing rejection, Suder suggested taking a step back and again assessing what route you need to take to achieve your “end goal.” If you need more experience, find opportunities to supplement your resume.
If you feel like your interview skills need improvement, register for a public speaking class or practice more with friends or relatives.
Suder said that each and every job someone has is a stepping stone toward the next thing. For that reason, nothing should be considered “time wasted,” as each job or volunteer opportunity helps you gain experience and connections that could be the key to opening the next door.
The WVU Extension Service is a primary outreach division of West Virginia University. With offices in each of the state’s 55 counties, Extension faculty and staff develop and deliver programs in leadership, rural and community-based economic development, youth development, workforce development and health education.
To learn more about WVU Extension programs, visit www.ext.wvu.edu.
For many, spring’s arrival signals it’s time to garden. For gardeners suffering with joint pain or mobility issues, it can also mean new challenges.
Finding ways to make gardening accessible for all is one mission of West Virginia AgrAbility, a partner program of West Virginia University Extension Service.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, one in five American adults is plagued by arthritis, making them more likely to experience joint pain and discomfort. While this could hinder the gardening experience for some, West Virginia AgrAbility Program Coordinator Inetta Fluharty says that doesn’t have to be the case.
There are many ways to stay active in the garden despite arthritis and limited mobility, Fluharty said. While people who suffer from arthritis issues are often put off by the thought of gardening, worrying that it might be too difficult or painful, Fluharty says gardening is a great activity for keeping joints flexible and maintaining range of motion.
Something as simple as digging in the warm soil with your hands can offer pain relief in your hands and wrists. When soil is warm, it helps to warm the joints in your hands, letting more blood flow through and lessening soreness, Fluharty said. The digging motion also helps increase hand, arm and shoulder mobility.
Gardening with arthritis and joint stiffness can be more manageable by following these AgrAbility tips:
- If the soil is not warm, be certain to wear gardening gloves to protect joints from cold temperatures. Buy a larger size and line inside with foam padding to cushion joints.
- Break your gardening chores up into smaller jobs to do throughout the day or over several days. Take frequent breaks, changing position and tasks often to prevent fatigue.
- Gently stretch before getting in the garden to help loosen joints and prevent injury.
- Use long-handled tools so you can stand instead of stooping while gardening. Easy-to-grip hand tools and large handles make using tools much more comfortable.
- Use your larger joints to do the work. Instead of using your fingers to lift an object, try using the palm of your hand, forearm or elbow.
Assistive technologies offer options to help the gardener from the first planting through the last harvest. Forms of assistive technology exist for numerous handicaps, from struggling to bend or stoop to difficulty using hand tools. Examples of assistive technology that can be useful in the garden are:
- Different types of handles on tools make gripping easier and relieve stress on joints.
- Find tools offering additional grips in an upright position, which takes the stress off of your back and legs.
- Large knobs added to spigots make it easier to turn the water on and off.
- Garden kneelers, seats and knee pads reduce the overuse of the back, hips, knees and legs. The added knee protection can also prevent “gardener’s knee,” a painful inflammation caused by overuse.
- A seed planter makes work go more quickly at sowing season, reducing time spent stooping.
- Long handled tools, as well as tools to pick fruits from the ground or trees can be helpful during harvesting.
Additional tips to age-proof your garden
Another helpful garden modification is the use of raised beds, which raise the garden up to a comfortable height for the gardener.
The bed can range from six-inches high to waist height, and should not be any wider than what the gardener can reach from the side to the center (if able to access from both sides). Benches or seats can be constructed to allow for resting.
If planning to construct a raised garden bed, first consider the proposed location and decide if a walkway from the house to the bed needs to be constructed. If so, make sure paths and surfaces are level and safe.
Keep in mind that water must be easily accessed, as raised beds tend to dry out quickly. Plan to install irrigation lines or a water hose on a timer.
Find positive solutions
Fluharty said that the most important thing when managing a garden is to be honest with yourself. Know your strengths and admit your limitations.
Make decisions about which tasks could be carried out by others. Consider sharing part of your garden in return for the additional help.
Lastly, pace yourself. If issues arise, stay positive and research assistive technologies available to help you persevere.
West Virginia AgrAbility is funded through a United States Department of Agriculture grant and is a partnership between West Virginia University Extension Service and other local and state agencies.
The program assists individuals who have physical disabilities or cognitive limitations find ways to overcome barriers and continue in their chosen agriculture endeavor.
If you or someone you know has limitations making gardening difficult, West Virginia AgrAbility can help in finding assistive technology solutions. For more information, call Inetta Fluharty at 304-771-8747 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
All photos courtesy of AgrAbility.
West Virginia University Extension Service offers affordable gift ideas for moms that they can enjoy well beyond Mother’s Day. From brunch recipes to selecting the best flower baskets, these ideas allow the entire family to participate in making the day special for Mom.
Consider preparing a breakfast or brunch for Mom, suggests Amy Gannon, registered dietician with WVU Extension Service’s Family Nutrition Programs.
“Cooking teaches children to develop new skills, and calls upon reading and math to help measure ingredients and follow recipes,” Gannon said.
Pre-school children are able to stir and mix foods like batter or eggs. Older children can help peel and chop vegetables and fruit with assistance from an adult.
“Even teenagers can pitch in for this easy gift idea,” she said. “Have them plan the menu, shop for the food and help prepare the meal.”
Gannon offers up suggestions and recipes for brunch, including omelets and yogurt parfaits topped with fresh fruit.
“For the best flavor and West Virginia flair, shop your local farmers markets and prepare a meal with locally grown jams, honeys and vegetables,” Gannon said.
If Mom prefers flowers over flours, consider purchasing or creating a hanging basket for her to enjoy all season long.
When selecting a basket it’s important to consider where it will hang and how much light it will receive, suggests Larry Campbell, agricultural and natural resources agent with the WVU Extension Harrison County office.
Plants like petunias and geraniums do well in sunny spots, whereas impatiens and pansies prefer partial shade.
For a more dramatic look, Campbell suggests selecting “spiller” baskets where plants drape over the pot and create a trailing effect.
“You want a basket that offers a blend of color, shape and size,” he said. “Sweet potato vines, wave petunias and fuchsia are excellent choices.”
When purchasing a basket, Campbell suggests looking for more underdeveloped baskets with fewer blooms rather than purchasing the fullest basket.
“Smaller blooms might not be as pretty initially, but Mom will enjoy watching the basket bloom and get bigger as the season continues,” he said.
Families are encouraged to share photos of their Mother’s Day meals or flowers by tagging their Instagram or Twitter photos with #WVUext and #Meal4Mom. Groups can also share their photos on the WVU Extension Service Facebook page.
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